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A contract is a crucial legal agreement that binds two parties together in a mutual understanding. It is a legally binding document that enforces certain obligations and promises. However, not all agreements can be considered valid contracts. There are specific requisites that a contract must fulfill to be deemed legally enforceable. In this article, we will explore the key elements that make up a valid contract.

1. Offer and Acceptance

The first and foremost requirement of a contract is an offer by one party and its acceptance by the other party. In simple words, one party must make an offer, and the other party must accept that offer. It is essential to note that acceptance must be a clear and unambiguous expression of agreement to the offer`s terms, and any counteroffer or variation to the original offer will not be considered acceptance.

2. Consideration

Consideration refers to something that a party promises to do or give in exchange for the other party`s promise. It can be anything of value, such as money, services, goods, or promises to do something in the future. Without consideration, a contract is merely a gratuitous promise, which is not enforceable by law.

3. Intention to Create Legal Relations

For a contract to be enforceable, there must be an intention to create legal relations. Both parties must enter into the agreement with the understanding that they are creating a legally binding contract. This requirement usually applies to commercial and business arrangements, and not to social or domestic agreements.

4. Capacity to Contract

The parties to a contract must have the capacity to enter into an agreement. This means that they must be of legal age, not suffering from any mental incapacity, and not under duress or undue influence. If any party lacks the capacity to contract, the agreement will be considered invalid.

5. Certainty and Clarity of Terms

The terms of a contract must be certain and clear, leaving no room for misunderstandings. The contract must specify the obligations of each party, the time, and place of performance, and the consequences of breach. Vague or ambiguous terms can make a contract unenforceable.

6. Free Consent

The parties to a contract must enter into the agreement out of their free will and without any coercion or undue influence. If one party is forced or threatened into the contract, it will not be legally enforceable.

7. Legality

A contract must not involve any illegal or immoral activities. Contracts that involve illegal activities such as drug trafficking or prostitution are not enforceable by law.

In conclusion, all the above elements are necessary for a valid contract. Any agreement that lacks one or more of these elements will not be legally enforceable. It is always advisable to seek legal advice before entering into any contract to ensure that it meets all the necessary requirements.